A home inspection is a professional consulting service that determines the present condition of the home’s major systems, based on a visual inspection of accessible features. It focuses on the performance of the home, rather than cosmetic, code or design issues. Inspections are often performed during a real estate transaction but may be done anytime.

A home inspection is:

An in-field evaluation and professional opinion of the performance of the readily accessible installed systems in a home at one point in time

Primarily a visual examination

Intended to identify components that are significantly deficient, unsafe or near the end of their life

Documented in a written report

A home inspection is not:

An insurance policy, guarantee or warranty on the home

An invasive or destructive exercise

Intended to identify concealed defects

A code or design review

Intended to predict future performance or life expectancy

An environmental review or energy audit

Components included:




Electrical system

Heating and Air Conditioning system

Plumbing system

Insulation and Air/Vapour Barriers


Mechanical and Natural Ventilation systems

What’s excluded:


Code, bylaw and building regulation issues


Swimming pools and spas

Specialty systems including telephone, cable TV, alarm systems